Matching Properties of Deep Sub-Micron MOS Transistors examines this interesting phenomenon. Microscopic fluctuations cause stochastic parameter fluctuations that affect the accuracy of the MOSFET. For analog circuits this determines the trade-off between speed, power, accuracy and yield. Furthermore, due to the down-scaling of device dimensions, transistor mismatch has an increasing impact on digital circuits. The matching properties of MOSFETs are studied at several levels of abstraction:
A simple and physics-based model is presented that accurately describes the mismatch in the drain current. The model is illustrated by dimensioning the unit current cell of a current-steering D/A converter.
The most commonly used methods to extract the matching properties of a technology are bench-marked with respect to model accuracy, measurement accuracy and speed, and physical contents of the extracted parameters.
The physical origins of microscopic fluctuations and how they affect MOSFET operation are investigated. This leads to a refinement of the generally applied 1/area law. In addition, the analysis of simple transistor models highlights the physical mechanisms that dominate the fluctuations in the drain current and transconductance.
The impact of process parameters on the matching properties is discussed.
The impact of gate line-edge roughness is investigated, which is considered to be one of the roadblocks to the further down-scaling of the MOS transistor.
Matching Properties of Deep Sub-Micron MOS Transistors is aimed at device physicists, characterization engineers, technology designers, circuit designers, or anybody else interested in the stochastic properties of the MOSFET.
This unique title allows budding young engineers, architects, and designers to use their personal creativity to design communities and their spaces. Through engaging photographs, clear explanations, and realistic activities, readers will be inspired to design parks and other elements that make communities enjoyable and accessible for all people. Opportunities to take plans from paper to screen build digital skills, making projects diverse and multi-level for all types of readers.
The Victoria and Albert Museum, London, is the world's greatest museum of art and design, with a vast collection that been an unparalleled resource for designers for 150 years.
This new series of pattern books presents the range of the V&A's superb collections. Beautifully designed, accessible, and informative, these little books are a repository of ideas and inspiration for designers of all kinds. Included in each volume is a CD of all the images shown within - to be redrawn, reworked, or even licensed for further use.
The books are available individually or in a beautiful decorative slipcase. The Fifties The Fifties produced some of the most inventive and innovative twentieth-century pattern designs as the emerging trend for abstraction in the fine arts - as exemplified by Miro, Calder, and Klee, for instance - acted as a stimulus for many European and American designers.
In The Web Designer's 101 Most Important Decisions, Scott Parker distils his in-depth experience of web publishing into 101 practical insights that readers can draw on with ease. He offers best-practice and insider tips, from the basics--ensuring your web design is easily accessible and quick to load at the click of a mouse, and how to encourage people to return to your web pages and recommend them over and over again--through to designing diverse content and planning for the growth and development of your website, whether it's for business, professional or personal use. Not only for web designers, but also for anyone commissioning a web designer, this book offers a host of graphic design, process and technical tips, all fully illustrated, that will enhance your web publishing and help you stand out from the crowd!
In the eighteenth century, the American Frontier was all land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Early settlers arrived, many on foot, to cross the Cumberland Gap and move westward. These pioneers came to the area for various reasons but most were looking for a fresh start in life. This educational and fun book features 20 striking images of American frontier men and women of the eighteenth century. Carefully researched and illustrated by historian and artist A. K. Fielding, these drawings represent the land, clothing and weapons of early America. The book is meant to inspire creativity and encourage a study of early American history.
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